Carina Central Physiotherapy
Professional Hands On Musculoskeletal Care

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome

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Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is a common presentation in physiotherapy and sports medicine practices. It is particularly prevalent in runners, and females tend to be affected more frequently than males. The onset of PFPS is often insidious. Patients describe a diffuse ache in the front knee which is often difficult to localise. Clicking or noise is often experienced. The pain is aggravated by loading activities, such as squatting, kneeling and walking up or downstairs. There may be tenderness and swelling around the kneecap.

Iliotibial Band Friction Syndrome (ITBFS)

Iliotibial Band Friction Sydrome

The iliotibial band is a thick band of tendinous tissue that runs from the top of the pelvis (Ilium), down the outside of the thigh, and attaches to both the tibia and fibula beneath the knee. The ITB passes over a small bony prominence on the outside of the femur, just above the knee where underlying structures are particularly sensitive. The ITB can act as both a mover and stabiliser of the knee, hip and pelvis. This structure unfortunately provides these roles very ineffectively, becoming overactive as a compensator if other muscles that should provide these roles are weak or inefficient, particularly the gluteal muscles, abdominals and quadriceps. Read More...